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News > Statement by Iran on Trafficking in Persons and the Smuggling of Migrants

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Statement by Iran on Trafficking in Persons and the Smuggling of Migrants

Statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran on Trafficking in Persons and the Smuggling of Migrants

The UNTOC COP Working Group Meetings

9-13 September 2019

Mr./ Madam Chairman

At the outset, my delegation would like to congratulate you as the chair of this important session. I am confident that, under your able leadership, the present session would result in successful outcome. I would also like to express my appreciation to the Secretariat for its hard work in preparing for this session.


Trafficking and exploitation continue to be a tragic reality for many women, children and men in worldwide. No country is immune to this heinous crime. The most vulnerable are enslaved and forced into labour and/or sexual exploitation. It is one of the greatest violations of human dignity and human rights and causes enormous suffering.


Trafficking persons is a global challenge with arising numbers of victims, as such it requires a determined response at national and international levelsIn recent years, this issue has been standing high on the agenda of international dialogues, thus requiring serious thought and decisions by all governments and policy-makers.

Human trafficking is both a source and aftermath of conflict and instabilityparticularly affecting most vulnerable populations. This phenomenon must be addressed comprehensively, including by taking a close look at its root causes

Underlying factors, particularly foreign aggression and intervention, occupation, war and protracted conflicts, political instability, terrorism, genocide, ethnic cleansing and unilateral coercive measures create conditions under which millions of people become displaced in their own countries or seek refuge overseas in a quest for safety, stability, opportunity. These journeys can themselves put migrants at great risk of falling victim to human trafficking, forced labor and contemporary forms of slavery.

To deal with these original causes is the primary responsibility of relevant international organizations, including UNODCThese bodies should not choose to focus on symptomit will certainly fail to address them in a proper mannerWe believe that an effective in combating smuggling migrants and trafficking in persons could be achieved by a comprehensive and coherent approach to the phenomenon of migration through dialogue and cooperation at all levels.



Mr./ Madam Chair,

We believe that addressing of root causes, prevention, protection of victims, prosecution of traffickers and partnership at the global level must be the pillars of any comprehensive approach in combating trafficking in persons

There is an urgent need to scale up international cooperation, including capacity building as well as technical assistance to combat trafficking in persons

Meanwhile, education and awareness-raising on human trafficking should form an integral part of our policies in countries of origin, transit and destination. People who knowingly or inadvertently use the services provided by trafficked persons are in as much need of training as those who are at the risk of being trafficked.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is committed to prevent and fight all forms of human trafficking and to counter this phenomenon. To this endin recent years, Iran has taken significant steps in combating migrant smuggling and trafficking in persons at national, regional and international levelsI.R of Iran has taken steps at the national level to carry out legislative and policy reforms to combat human smuggling and trafficking in persons and related transnational crimes. My country has also taken a holistic approach in this area by criminalizing acts of people smuggling and trafficking in persons necessitated by the legislative amendment of the Criminal Code. The same law also has provisions which provide protection for victims of trafficking.


the Law on Combating Human Trafficking was adopted by our parliament in 2004 and has been revised and ratified to fill the gaps and strengthen the domestic legal regime and prohibiting trafficking of persons and other laws to punish both migrant smugglers and illegal migrants.

 Iran has also increased its law enforcement efforts against trafficking in persons and smuggling migrants.

Regarding the Protection, The Iran's State Welfare Organization assists victims and those at risk of trafficking through mobile and fixed social emergency centers. These centers provide counseling,legal services and health care

At international levelIran has become party to several of the relevant Conventions and it has also signed separate Memorandam of Understanding with the International Organization of Migration and the International Labour Organization to enhance the capacity of its institutions in combating human trafficking and on security cooperation with Turkey and Afghanistan focusing, among other things, on campaigns against human trafficking at bilateral and regional levels.

Despite all these effortsthe Islamic Republic of Iran faces main challenge on Combating Human Trafficking. In this respect, I would like to specifically refer to the Unilateral Coercive Measures; not necessarily as a political issue but rather as a serious impediment which affects technical area of preventive measures against Human Trafficking. The Unilateral Coercive Measures, contrary to the international law and principles set forth within the Charter of the United Nations, and numerous pertinent UN resolutions, have hindered allocation of resources to the prevention and combating Human Trafficking and impaired international cooperation of Iranian relevant authorities on Combating Human Trafficking effortsSuch illegal measures, as an act of economic terrorism, have also impaired a timely provision of technical assistance which is essential for effectively prevention and combating human traffickingThe negative impact of the Unilateral Coercive Measures on international cooperation have already been expressed by the United Nations in the general assembly resolution 71/193 and in line with that, the Islamic Republic of Iran deems UCMs detrimental to a collective response to transnational crimes including Combating Human Trafficking and expresses its grave concerns on the effects of such unlawful measures on the rule of law at national, regional and international level

 I.R of Iran also recognizes the important role of the UNODC in the global fight against trafficking in persons due to the significant role it can play in promoting the partnership pillar of the global campaign against trafficking in persons as well as its function in collecting and analyzing the relevant information.


I Thank you

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