H.E. Ambassador Reza Najafi
Permanent/ Resident Representative
of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Chair of the Vienna Chapter
of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
The IAEA Board of Governors
Item 5 (d)
“Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement
and relevant provisions of United Nations Security
Council Resolutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran”
a. NAM reaffirms the basic and inalienable right of all states to the development, research, production and use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, without any discrimination and in conformity with their respective legal obligations. Therefore, nothing should be interpreted in a way as inhibiting or restricting the right of states to develop atomic energy for peaceful purposes. States’ choices and decisions, including those of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear technology and its fuel cycle policies must be respected.
b. NAM recognizes the IAEA as the sole competent authority for verification of the respective safeguards obligations of Member States and stresses that there should be no undue pressure or interference in the Agency’s activities, specially its verification process, which would jeopardize the efficiency and credibility of the Agency.
c. NAM emphasizes the fundamental distinction between the legal obligations of states in accordance with their respective safeguards agreements, as opposed to any confidence building measures undertaken voluntarily and that do not constitute a legal safeguards obligation.
d. NAM considers the establishment of a nuclear-weapons-free-zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterates its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.
e. NAM reaffirms the inviolability of peaceful nuclear activities and that any attack or threat of attack against peaceful nuclear facilities - operational or under construction - poses a serious danger to human beings and the environment, and constitutes a grave violation of international law, of the principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations, and of regulations of the IAEA. NAM recognizes the need for a comprehensive multilaterally negotiated instrument prohibiting attacks, or threat of attacks on nuclear facilities devoted to peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
f. NAM strongly believes that all safeguards and verification issues, including those related to Iran, should be resolved within the IAEA framework, and be based on sound technical and legal grounds. NAM further emphasizes that the Agency should continue its work to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue within its mandate under the Statute of the IAEA.
g. NAM stresses that diplomacy and dialogue through peaceful means as well as substantive negotiations without any preconditions amongst the concerned parties must remain the means whereby a comprehensive and lasting solution to the Iranian nuclear issue is found.
7. NAM encourages the Secretariat to continue to refrain from including extensive technical details pertaining to sensitive proprietary information in the report of the Director General.
8. NAM welcomes the continued cooperation between the Agency and Iran as elaborated in the latest report of the Director General, and in this regard, notes the following:
a. that Iran has declared to the Agency under its Safeguards Agreement, 17 nuclear facilities and 9 LOFs, and that the Agency continues to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material at these facilities and LOFs.
b. that the activities of production of nuclear material, particularly those related to enrichment, continue to remain under the Agency’s containment and surveillance and that to date, the Fuel Enrichment Plant (FEP) in Natanz and Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP) have been operating as declared.
c. that the Agency has verified that the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant (FFEP) is being constructed according to the latest design information provided by Iran, although it also states that additional information is needed from Iran in connection with this facility.
d. that the Agency has continued to monitor the use and construction of hot cells at the relevant nuclear facilities in Iran, and confirmed that Iran is not conducting reprocessing activities in any of the facilities declared under its Safeguards Agreement.
e. that on 12 February 2014, the Agency carried out a DIV at the IR-40 Reactor at Arak and observed that since the Director General’s previous report, none of the reactor’s remaining major components had been installed, and that as previously reported, Iran has informed the Agency that it had produced sufficient heavy water for the commissioning of the IR-40 Reactor.
f. that Iran agreed to take steps to agree with the Agency on the conclusion of the safeguards approach for the IR-40 Reactor.
g. that in accordance withthe Framework for Cooperation, Iran has provided the Agency with mutually agreed relevant information and managed access to the Heavy Water Production Plant (HWPP).
h. that access to the heavy water storage location at the Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) at Esfahan provided to the Agency which has enabled the Agency to characterize the heavy water.
i. that managed access has been provided to the Agency to centrifuge assembly workshops, centrifuge rotor production workshops and storage facilities.
10. NAM notes that the Director General mentioned in his report that he reiterated to Iran his position regarding the need to take steps towards the full implementation of its Safeguards Agreement and its other relevant obligations, in order to establish international confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear program. In this regard NAM encourages Iran to continue to extend full cooperation.
11. NAM welcomes the implementation of the six initial practical measures by Iran pursuant to the Framework for Cooperation agreed on 11 November 2013 between the Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran) and the IAEA according to which the Agency and Iran agree “to strengthen their cooperation and dialogue aimed at ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme through the resolution of all outstanding issues that have not already been resolved by the IAEA.”
12. NAM also welcomes the agreement reached in Tehran on 8 and 9 February 2014 between Iran and the Agency on seven practical measures to be implemented by Iran by 15 May 2014. NAM looks forward to the report of the Director General to the June 2014 Board of Governors meeting on the progress of implementation of these measures.
13. NAM encourages the continuation of the discussions between Iran and the Agency with a view to resolving all outstanding issues, past and present, that have not already been resolved by the IAEA.
14. NAM notes that the Agency, in implementation of the framework for cooperation will continue to take into account Iran’s security concerns, including through the use of managed access and the protection of confidential information.
15. NAM also notes that Iran has still not received the documents relating to the “alleged studies”. In this context, NAM fully supports the previous requests of the Director General to those Members States that have provided the Secretariat information related to the “alleged studies” to agree that the Agency provides all related documents to Iran. NAM expresses once again its concerns on the creation of obstacles in this regard, which hinder the Agency’s verification process. NAM recalls that the Director Generalpreviously reported in document GOV/2009/55 that:
a. The Agency has limited means to authenticate independently the documentation that forms the basis of the alleged studies.
b. The constraints placed by some Member States on the availability of information to Iran are making it more difficult for the Agency to conduct detailed discussions with Iran on this matter.
Thank you, Mr. Chairperson.